Whether you’ve always been fascinated by architecture like Gary Friedman, or are a self confessed history buff, simply continue reading to discover a brief look into the history of architecture.
The history of architecture:
1. Ancient Egypt
In ancient Egypt Pharaohs commissioned elaborate temples which were built as “homes” for the ancient Egyptian’s highly revered Gods. In many ancient Egyptian temples and palaces the columns which supported each building as well as the building’s ceilings would be painted with intricate artwork.
2. Ancient Rome and Greece
Ancient Rome is famous for its civic buildings which were erected using a series of large, sturdy columns. In general ancient Roman and Greek buildings were designed to be symmetrical and aesthetically pleasing as well as highly functional.
Popular examples of public Roman and Greek buildings which featured numerous columns include Athens’ Parthenon, part of which is still standing today and the Temple of Concordia, which is located in modern day Sicily.
As the Roman empire spread out and grew from strength to strength the Romans engineered bridges, aqueducts, arches and amphitheaters. In fact some of the designs which the Romans popularized are still used today to build bridges, arches and aqueducts.
3. Byzantine architecture
The Byzantine era was sparked by the Roman Emperor Constantine’s decision to move the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to Byzantium. If the name Byzantium doesn’t ring any bells, that may be because Byzantium, was later named Constantinople and is now known as Istanbul.
During the Byzantium period brick and plaster became widely used in architecture and the use of elaborate domes also become commonplace. One of the most highly recognized buildings to be built in the Byzantium period is the Hagia Sophia, which is one of Istanbul’s most visited buildings and which is famous for it’s blue domes.
4. Medieval architecture
In Medieval times, it became popular for city planners to build cities within fortified city walls, which would stop invaders from trying to storm cities. Most fortified cities would be built around a castle, which would serve as the heart of the town.
5. Gothic architecture
During the Gothic era, countless cathedrals were built in Europe which boasted incredibly high spires and ceiling as well as gorgeous stained glass windows. Gothic architecture also featured stone work, external flying buttresses and bold pointed arches. One of the most recognizable examples of a Gothic building is the Notre Dame, which is located in Paris, France.
6. Modern architecture
While it may be interesting to learn about the history of architecture around the world, you may be curious about the birth of modern architecture. In 1900, modern architecture became prominent and valued function over elaborate ornamentation. By the 1940s large skyscrapers began to become prominent and inspired today’s modern day architecture.
In conclusion, you may be surprised as to how many design elements which were first popularized hundreds or even thousands of years ago are still being used today. As an example, the White House features columns which were first used in ancient Egypt and become popularized in Ancient Rome. So if you’re interested in modern day architecture it’s also well worth learning about historical architecture!